Viscosity of Drive-Line Lubricants by a Special Mini-Rotary Viscometer Technique 1999-01-3672
Current specifications for automatic-transmission fluids and gear oils have viscosity limits which are determined by ASTM D 2983. However, that test is plagued by poor precision. This paper describes the development of a method using the Mini-Rotary Viscometer to make the determination of apparent viscosity at the same nominal shear stress as ASTM D 2983.
In this test procedure, samples are cooled in a manner similar to that described in ASTM D 2983. Experimental data were obtained on a mixture of 17 automatic-transmission and gear-oil fluids that included a number of different formulation strategies and commercial products. The results of this method yield a nearly one to one correlation with the results determined by ASTM D 2983.