Browse Publications Technical Papers 1999-01-3689

A Study of Lean Burn of a 4 Stroke Gasoline Engine by the Aid of Low Pressure Air Assisted In-Cylinder Injection - Part II 1999-01-3689

Lean-burn engines now being developed employ in-cylinder injection which requires high pressures and so necessitates expensive injection equipment.
The injection system proposed here is an air assisted in-cylinder injection system which is injecting a mixture of air and fuel in the cylinder during the intake stroke and allowing atomization at lower injection pressures than those necessary in compressing fuel with a usual solid injection.
This time, the experiments used a testing engine of a 4 stroke gasoline OHV type replacing the Side Valve type. Performance with a small depression in the main combustion chamber was investigated with a spark plug and reed valve installed in the depression. The engine was operated then following the same method as last year (SAE 982698).
As a result, the lean burn method employed here was possible over a wide range of engine speeds and loads. Moreover, it was also shown that this operation was possible with a fully opened throttle valve. With this arrangement, a stable idling operation was possible to air-fuel ratios of 55. With a lean burn at light loads including idling, a 8∼25% improvement was confirmed with specific fuel consumption ratios. The exhaust emission with injection had lower CO and NOx concentrations but a slight increase in HC. Smoke concentration was a very small quantity of 2∼3% of Bosch smoke value.


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