Aluminum alloy castings are attractive when a light weight, inexpensive, near net shape component is desired. Unfortunately, the presence of internal porosity within these materials can have a significant detrimental effect upon the mechanical properties, appearance, and function of these parts. Hot isostatic pressing (HIP) and Densal® (a proprietary hot isostatic densification process) have been employed to reduce or eliminate porosity in cast metals. This paper compares the fatigue strength and microstructures of end chill sand cast A356 and high pressure, die cast 380 and 383 aluminum alloys which have undergone either HIP or Densal® processing with identical components in the as-cast condition. The castings which underwent isostatic processing show decreased porosity and improved fatigue strength and functionality. Additionally, the economics and suitability for high volume production of these two post-cast processes are reviewed.