In-cylinder flow and fuel behaviors in the piston cavity of a direct injection SI engine were measured by using PIV and LIF. The effect of the cavity wall on the mixing process was the focus in this study. The optical prism was installed inside piston to observe air flow and fuel behavior on a horizontal plane of the cavity combustion chamber in the piston. The fuel spray mainly impinged on the cavity bottom surface and rolled up along the cavity wall near the spark plug by it's own momentum. Then it was evaporated and diffused by swirl flow. The effect of fuel injection timing on the mixing process was also investigated. Earlier injection timing made fuel momentum small up to the time of impingement. Therefore, the fuel vapor was considerably diffused by swirl flow in the piston cavity and fuel vapor concentration near the spark plug was low.