Warm-Up Strategies For a Methanol Reformer Fuel Cell Vehicle 2000-01-0371
With current technology, a PEM fuel cell powered vehicle requires a plentiful supply of clean hydrogen to achieve good performance. This can be made available via an on-board methanol reformer. Before the reformer reaches operating temperature it is necessary to obtain energy from an alternative source, such as a battery, in order to power the vehicle. This paper introduces a dynamic model of a methanol reformer fuel cell powered vehicle. The vehicle model is driven over the FTP drive cycle, from a cold start, using various warm up strategies. In this way, different strategies are evaluated in terms of performance and fuel efficiency.