A Simplified Model for the Dynamics of a Three-Way Catalytic Converter 2000-01-0652
The transient response of a catalytic converter to fluctuations in exhaust gas composition has a significant impact on tailpipe emissions. Advanced emission control strategies therefore need to incorporate a model for such behavior, which must also be sufficiently simple for practical implementation in-vehicle. To this end, a variety of semi-empirical models have been developed, including most recently a number of oxygen “storage-dominated” models. In this paper a new storage-dominated model is developed, which includes for the first time the effects of space velocity. The parameters of model may be estimated using the invariant embedding method.