Comparison of Frontal Crashes in Terms of Average Acceleration 2000-01-0880
The paper presents a comparison between the acceleration pulses of vehicle-to-vehicle crash tests with those of different single-vehicle crash tests. The severity of the full frontal rigid barrier test is compared with that of the vehicle- to-vehicle crash test based on average acceleration and time-to-zero-velocity. Based on this a 30mph full frontal rigid barrier test is found equivalent to a 41mph vehicle-to-vehicle crash. A reduced speed of 22mph for full frontal rigid barrier test is found to represent vehicle-to- vehicle crashes with 50%-100% overlap, with each vehicle travelling at 30mph.
The paper also presents a comparison of the acceleration pulses from different crash tests based on the pulse shape and the pulse phase cross-correlation. None of the single-vehicle crash tests have been found to resemble vehicle-to-vehicle crashes in terms of the pulse shape and the pulse phase. The single-vehicle crash test closest to the vehicle-to-vehicle crash, in terms of pulse shape, is the offset rigid barrier test. The single-vehicle crash test, most distinct from the vehicle-to-vehicle crash, in terms of pulse phase, is the offset deformable barrier test.