Browse Publications Technical Papers 2000-01-0898

A Five-Million Kilometre, 100-Vehicle Fleet Trial, of an Air-Assist Direct Fuel Injected, Automotive 2-Stroke Engine 2000-01-0898

Once the focus of intense engineering scrutiny in the early 1990's, the major automotive companies suspended activity on 2-stroke engines because of perceived concerns over mechanical and emissions durability, and uncertain customer market acceptance.
A 100-vehicle fleet, powered by the Orbital Combustion Process (OCP) air-assist direct fuel injected 2-stroke automotive engine, was launched into the Australian market to answer these questions.
Homologated to Australian Design Rule (ADR) standards, the 2-stroke equipped vehicle fleet was distributed Australia-wide and exposed to a diverse range of driving styles and environmental conditions. Over three years, the Genesis ECOsport vehicles accumulated collectively in excess of 5.5 million kilometres with individual vehicles exceeding 160,000 km (or 100,000 miles).
A brief overview will be given into the engine design, development and validation programs as well as vehicle build, validation, fleet management and data collection. The performance of the fleet with respect to fuel and oil consumption, mechanical and emissions durability and consumer reaction will be presented including some of the more interesting and unexpected experiences unique to a 2-stroke automotive application.
It will be shown that a 2-stroke engine, equipped with OCP air-assist direct fuel injection can be both viable and market acceptable for automotive applications while retaining the inherent 2-stroke engine advantages of small size, reduced weight and lower manufacturing cost.


Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »


Members save up to 18% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: Download multiple Technical Papers each year? TechSelect is a cost-effective subscription option to select and download 12-100 full-text Technical Papers per year. Find more information here.
We also recommend:

Automotive Direct-Injection Stratified-Charge Engine Development in the 1970-1980’s


View Details


Real World Fleet Test to Determine the Impact of Lower Viscosity Engine Oils from Heavy-Duty CNG and Diesel Buses. Part II: Oil Performance


View Details


Supplementary Fueling of Four-Stroke-Cycle Automotive Diesel Engines by Propane Fumigation


View Details