Browse Publications Technical Papers 2000-01-0975

Optimization of Refrigerant Flow Management in a Dual-Unit Air Conditioning System 2000-01-0975

Optimization of vehicle air conditioning performance at various drive cycles and ambient conditions can be achieved by regulating and distributing the refrigerant flow entering evaporators. Thermostatic expansion valve (TXV), as a flow control device, has been a key element in improving vehicle A/C system operating efficiency and maximizing cooling capacity. Three scenarios are addressed in this paper: (a) the selection of TXVs for a sports utility vehicle (SUV) climate control system, in which a front HVAC unit and an auxiliary HVAC unit are installed; (b) the methodology of developing a goal-oriented criterion for identifying the TXV combination to fulfill the optimization of A/C system performance; and (c) the analytical and experimental evaluation of vehicle cooling performance by varying TXV combinations in various vehicle operating modes.


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