Browse Publications Technical Papers 2000-01-1134
2000-03-06

A New Approach to Particulate Measurement on Transient Test Cycles: Partial Flow Dilution as Alternative to CVS Full Flow Systems 2000-01-1134

In a subproject of the aim to develop a worldwide certification procedure for heavy-duty on-highway engines (WHDC), the measuring technique for future low emitting engines was evaluated. One aspect is the introduction of partial flow dilution systems for the particulates measurement during transient test cycles instead of the currently required full flow dilution systems.
This paper presents an investigation about the influence of sensitive sampling parameters on particulate mass and composition under steady state and transient engine operating conditions, and their effect on the correlation between partial flow and full flow dilution systems.
The study has shown that the sampling parameters investigated have no or only minor influence on particulate mass and composition. Both partial flow dilution systems proved their transient capability by tracking the exhaust flow signal very well. Overall no consistent and statistically significant difference between the test results obtained with the full flow CVS system and the two partial flow systems was observed.

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