Advancements in High Temperature Cylinder Liner and Piston Ring Tribology 2000-01-1237
The high temperature tribology issue for uncooled Low Heat Rejection (LHR) diesel engines where the cylinder liner piston ring interface exceeds temperatures of 225°C to 250°C has existed for decades. It is a problem that has persistently prohibited advances in non-watercooled LHR engine development. Though the problem is not specific to non-watercooled LHR diesel engines, it is the topic of this research study for the past two and one half years. In the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s, a tremendous amount of research had been placed upon the development of the LHR diesel engine. LHR engine finite element design and cycle simulation models had been generated. Many of these projected the cylinder liner piston ring top ring reversal (TRR) temperature to exceed 540°C. In order for the LHR diesel to succeed, a tribological solution for these high TRR temperatures had to be developed. This paper focuses upon current efforts in the areas of solid lubricant materials and catalytically generated solid lubricant film development. The work has been performed under the sponsorship of the U.S. Army Tank Automotive and Armaments Command through a SBIR Program.