Fuel Atomization of a Multiple-hole Nozzle Injector 2000-01-1428
Fuel atomization is known as an effective means of reducing the exhaust emissions of internal combustion engines. We have focused on a multiple-hole nozzle as a cost-effective atomization method that does not require any auxiliary devices or an external energy source to carry out atomization.
In this report, we will discuss the facts that 1) the primary factors of atomization with the multiple-hole nozzle lie in the flow upstream of the nozzle, and 2) the atomization characteristics such as spray droplet diameter and spray spatial distribution when the factors which effect atomization with the multiple-hole nozzle are changed.
As a result, with our newly developed 12-hole nozzle injector in an actual engine, we found an HC reduction effect greater than that of a conventional air-assist injector.