Eco-labels and Eco-Indices. Do They Make Sense? 2000-01-1473
Life Cycle Assessments (LCA) of complex systems, such as vehicles and vehicle components, are based on the quantification of the energy, wastes, and emissions associated with the material production, manufacturing, use and end of life of the product. However, the volume of information needed to provide a comprehensive assessment of the environmental burdens is large and complicates the decision process in choosing among alternatives. For this reason people have attempted to simplify the information by collapsing it into a single index, which essentially assigns a score to a product of being “good” or “bad”. Even though such an approach looks attractive to the decision-makers that want simple answers based on meaningful data, the results may be misleading.