Browse Publications Technical Papers 2000-01-1831
2000-06-19

Effects of Injection Conditions on Mixture Formation Process in a Premixed Compression Ignition Engine 2000-01-1831

The mixture formation process in a premixed compression ignition engine was numerically analyzed. This study aimed to find out effective injection conditions for lean mixture formation with high homogeneity, since the NOx and soot emissions in the engine are closely related to the mixture homogeneity. To calculate fuel spray behavior, a practical computer code GTT (Generalized Tank and Tube) was employed. In a model for the premixed compression ignition engine, the effects of injection parameters, such as injection timing, initial droplet size, spray angle, injection velocity, nozzle type (pintle and hole) and injection position / direction, on the mixture homogeneity near ignition timing (or TDC) were investigated. To evaluate the homogeneity of the mixture, an index was defined based on the spatial distribution of fuel mass fraction. The fuel vapor mass fractions as well as the homogeneity indices, obtained as a function of time, were compared under various boundary conditions.
This study concludes that high homogeneity lean mixture could be achieved with a pintle type nozzle by combining an advanced injection and small initial droplets in a small spray cone angle. Furthermore, the side injection concept with hole type nozzles using spray-to-spray impingement is effective for the lean near-homogeneous mixture formation.

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