Demonstration of Tier 2 Emission Levels for Heavy Light-Duty Trucks 2000-01-1957
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency initiated a program to demonstrate feasibility of the Tier 2 emissions standards for the largest vehicles regulated under the new standards. Advanced emission control systems were developed and evaluated using a large 1999 sport utility vehicle and a large 1999 light-duty pickup truck. The trucks were originally certified to California LEV-I or Federal Tier 1 emission standards. Advanced, high-cell density, ceramic and metallic substrate three-way catalysts were thermally aged to the equivalent of 80,000 km (50,000 miles) and integrated into the exhaust systems for evaluation. Low mass, thermally insulated exhaust system components were fabricated and evaluated. Engine control strategies were modified via ROM-emulation and powertrain control module (PCM) flash reprogramming. Both of the tested trucks demonstrated FTP emissions at levels below 2004 U.S Federal Tier 2 emissions standards.