DME Fuel Blends for Low-Emission, Direct-Injection Diesel Engines 2000-01-2004
Based on the knowledge that cavitation in a nozzle enhances the atomization of fuel spray, fuel modification is conducted by blending Dimethyl Ether (DME). Because the boiling point of DME is -24.8°C, it may easily take place during the cavitation in an injection nozzle. Furthermore, there is a soot reduction effect caused by the oxygenated fuels. The oxygen content in the DME is 34.8%, which accelerates soot reduction in the combustion chamber. The experimental results are compared with those of DiMethoxyMethan (Methylal: DMM), a blend of gas-oil. The ignition temperatures of DME and DMM are 235°C and 236°C, the boiling temperatures of DME and DMM are -24.8°C and 42.1°C, and the oxygen contents of DME and DMM are 34.8% and 42.1%, respectively. In addition to the oxygenated fuel, a propane blend of gas-oil was also used as a blended fuel in order to examine the effects of the boiling point and oxygen content of the fuel.
The soot reduction effect is strongly affected by the use of oxygenated fuels because the boiling point of fuel decreases even when the oxygen contents are the same. Therefore, the soot reduction is enhanced. A lower boiling point of non-oxygenated fuels has no effect on soot reduction.