Optimization of the Solenoid Valve Behavior in Common-Rail Injection Systems 2000-01-2042
Injection rate profile is a powerful tool to control engine performance and emission levels. In particular, the Common Rail (C.R.) injection system has allowed flexible fuel injection in DI-diesel engines by permitting a free mapping of the start of injection, injection pressure, rate of injection and, in the near future, multiple injections,. This paper deals with improvements of stable operating condition limits of the Common Rail injector for multiple injection purposes. The focus was to optimize the behavior of the solenoid valve in order to reduce the minimum time interval between two consecutive injections required for system stability. An extensive experimental characterization of the valve has been performed in order to measure the main mechanical and electrical parameters of the assembly components. The experimental and the numerical studies have allowed optimizing the current profile and consequently the design of the anchor pin-ring assembly of the solenoid valve. A new solenoid valve electronic driving circuit has been designed for this purpose. This optimization allowed reducing the minimum valve switching time of about 300 μs. Numerical expectations have been confirmed by the first application of the new driving circuit in valve driving.