Catalytic Converter Design for Manufacturing Using Monte-Carlo Simulation 2000-01-2878
A stochastic simulation based on the Monte-Carlo method was developed to study the effect of substrate, mounting mat and converter shell dimensional tolerances on the converter manufacturing process. Results for a stuffed converter with nominal gap bulk density (GBD) 1.00 g/cm3 show an asymmetric probability density function ranging from 0.90 to 1.13 g/cm3. Destructive and non-destructive GBD measurements on oval and round production converters show close correlation with the Monte-Carlo model. Several manufacturing options offering tighter GBD control based on component sorting and matching are described. Improvements ranging from 28% and 64% in GBD control are possible.