Assessment of Injury Risk to Children From Side Airbags 2000-01-SC02
Static out-of-position tests were performed to identify the
potential for injury as a function of position, airbag type and
vehicle seat characteristics. Seat and door mounted airbags, head
curtains and head tubes were evaluated.
Out-of-position testing was carried out with the Hybrid III 3
year old, 6 year old and the TNO Q3 3 year old child dummies.
In-position tests and a dynamic test were conducted to monitor
child seat and airbag interactions and to confirm that properly
restrained children would not be exposed to undue risk from a
deploying side airbag.
Results of the out-of-position testing suggest that current side
airbag designs may cause serious and/or fatal neck and chest
injuries. In-position static testing with child seats suggested a
potential for intrusion into the child occupant space leading to
structural damage of the car seat.