Assessment of Injury Risk to Children From Side Airbags 2000-01-SC02
Static out-of-position tests were performed to identify the
potential for injury as a function of position, airbag type and
vehicle seat characteristics. Seat and door mounted airbags, head
curtains and head tubes were evaluated.
Out-of-position testing was carried out with the Hybrid III 3
year old, 6 year old and the TNO Q3 3 year old child dummies.
In-position tests and a dynamic test were conducted to monitor
child seat and airbag interactions and to confirm that properly
restrained children would not be exposed to undue risk from a
deploying side airbag.
Results of the out-of-position testing suggest that current side
airbag designs may cause serious and/or fatal neck and chest
injuries. In-position static testing with child seats suggested a
potential for intrusion into the child occupant space leading to
structural damage of the car seat.
Suzanne Tylko, Dainius J. Dalmotas
44th Stapp Car Crash Conference (2000)
Stapp Car Crash Journal Vol. 44, 2000-P-362