Numerical modeling of unsteady reacting flows in the exhaust system of an S.I. engine including the catalytic converter 2000-05-0175
Recent advances in the field of numerical modeling of unsteady reacting flows in the exhaust system of s.i. engines are presented in the paper. In particular, it is shown that the integration of a suitable chemical and thermal model for the catalytic converter within a 1D fluid dynamic simulation code has allowed the prediction of the exhaust gas composition from the cylinder to the tailpipe outlet, considering its variation across the catalyst. The composition of the exhaust gas, discharged by the cylinder, is calculated by means of a two- zone combustion model, including emission sub-models. The catalytic converter is simulated by a 1D fluid dynamic and chemical approach, considering laminar flow in each tiny channel of the substrate and chemical reactions in the solid phase, within the wash-coat. The predicted reaction rates are used to determine the specie source terms to be included in the one-dimensional fluid dynamic conservation equations. The heat released by the exothermic reactions is treated as a source term in the heat transfer equations, to calculate the thermal transient of the catalyst and wall and gas temperatures. The integrated version of the simulation code has proved to be a really useful tool in the design and optimization of current exhaust systems, involving the pre-catalysts and a main catalytic converter, taking into account the significant role of reacting flows in different locations of the exhaust duct system.