For a crash analysis using FEM with respect to a structure that is composed of thin plates, we developed a new structure study method (plastic strain equalization method). This method defines the optimality criteria as in the linear analysis of a fully stressed design and indirectly finds an optimal solution.We assume that a structure with both a lightweight and high collapse load should have sufficient strength corresponding to impact loads in each area. This means that at any area the load value and the strength are balanced at a certain value. For the criteria that the plastic strain value is equal over the whole area, a solution can be found by repeating computations. The design variable is the thickness of shell elements and the computation is iterated until plastic strain values are almost equal.In this paper, a structure with both a lightweight and a high collapse load could be optimized by equalizing the plastic strain value. And the application results by means of this method are described.