The Role of Binocular Information for Distance Perception in Rear-Vision Systems 2001-01-0322
New developments in the use of two-dimensional displays to supplement driver vision have made it more important to understand the roles that various distance cues play in driver perception of distance in more conventional ways of viewing the road, including direct vision and viewing through rearview mirrors. The current study was designed to investigate the role of binocular distance cues for perception of distance in rearview mirrors. In a field experiment, we obtained data to estimate the importance of binocular cues for distance judgments under conditions representative of real-world traffic. The results indicate that, although binocular cues are potentially available to drivers, these cues probably play little or no role in distance judgments in rearview mirrors in normal driving situations. The present results therefore suggest that the lack of stereoscopic depth cues in two-dimensional displays used as alternatives to rearview mirrors is not likely to have negative effects on drivers' judgments of distance.