Variables Influencing Shoulder Belt Positioning of Four Point Safety Belts 2001-01-0382
The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal location of the shoulder belts for a suspender style four-point safety belt system. This optimal location must satisfy two conditions. First, the shoulder belts must properly fit over the occupant’s shoulders for safety performance. Second, the shoulder belts location on the occupant’s body must be acceptable to the occupant.
To determine the optimal acceptable location of the shoulder belts, forty-four subjects were recruited by height and tested in a reconfigurable test seat. The results showed that avoiding an interaction between the shoulder belts and the occupant’s neck improved the acceptability of the system. Variables that affected this interaction included the horizontal and vertical position of the shoulder belts and the occupant’s weight, clothing, and gender.