The Concept of End-of-Life Car Rcycling System in Russia 2001-01-0696
Dismantling and utilization of end-of-life vehicles (ELV) greatly influences the total ecological parameters of the vehicle in terms of its complex impact on human beings and nature.
So far in Russia there are no specialized centers with ELV utilization capabilities. Further there are no laws regulating ELV issues. At the same time, in some developed Russian regions, having a high population density, the ELV utilization problem becomes more and more critical.
AVTOVAZ is the biggest producer of passenger cars (trade mark: LADA) in Russia. AVTOVAZ has developed a concept for a ELV recycling system for the Samara region (the plant's location). The system starts with ensuring that legislation is in place to define responsibilities for addressing the major participants of the ELV cycle: Car manufacturer, the last car owner, EVL stacking center, dismantling and recycling center, residue disposal shredder center and Regional Environment Committee on vehicle-environment inspection.
AVTOVAZ together with the Samara region's Environment Committee and other companies form an infrastructure, that is expected to provide arrangement, technical and financial support during implementation of the ELV recycling system in Samara region.
AVTOVAZ R&D specialists also are working on comparative analysis of all LADA cars dismantling, materials in-use (holders and fasteners), developing appropriate catalogues on recycling and instructions on dismantling of all cars in production. Another field of activity is improving the ecological safety of new LADA cars. These specialists define the direction of environment safety improving and recyclability of new LADA cars.