Occupant Injury Patterns in Side Crashes 2001-01-0723
This paper presents an analysis of the National Automotive Sampling System (NASS) and the Fatal Accident Reporting Systems (FARS) data for the combined years 1988–97 with respect to side impacts. Accident variables, vehicle variables, occupant variables and their interactions have been considered, with special emphasis on occupant injury patterns. The crash modes considered are car-to-car, car-to-LTV (light trucks and vans) and car to narrow object, with special emphasis on the latter two.
This study was undertaken to obtain a better understanding of injury patterns in lateral impacts, their associated causation factors, and to obtain information that will assist in prioritizing crash injury research problems in near side impacts. Of particular interest is the increase in the population of light trucks and vans and their influence on side impact priorities. Conclusions will be drawn regarding the frequency and injury severity of car-to-LTV’s and car to narrow objects.