Battery simulation by a DSP-controlled high current power supply is used to improve repeatability and comparability of starting tests, especially at low temperatures. The simulator's algorithm calculates the internal resistance of the battery by a timely constant resistor and a variable resistor representing the actual discharge history. The output voltage of the simulator is set as a function of internal resistor and load current with temperature and state of charge as setup parameter.
The simulator was evaluated in cold start testing in comparison to real batteries. As a result, batteries are simulated with high repeatability. Deviations to real battery behavior are in the range of test to test deviations using real batteries.