Browse Publications Technical Papers 2001-01-1026
2001-03-05

Modeling and Experiments of HCCI Engine Combustion Using Detailed Chemical Kinetics with Multidimensional CFD 2001-01-1026

Detailed chemical kinetics was implemented in the KIVA-3V multidimensional CFD code to study the combustion process in Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engines. The CHEMKIN code was implemented such that the chemistry and flow solutions were coupled. Detailed reaction mechanisms were used to simulate the fuel chemistry of ignition and combustion. Effects of turbulent mixing on the reaction rates were also considered. The model was validated using the experimental data from two modified heavy-duty diesel engines, including a Volvo engine and a Caterpillar engine operated at the HCCI mode. The results show that good levels of agreement were obtained using the present KIVA/CHEMKIN model for a wide range of engine conditions, including various fuels, injection systems, engine speeds, and EGR levels. Ignition timings were predicted well without the need to adjust any kinetic constants. However, it was found that the use of chemical kinetics alone was not sufficient to accurately simulate the overall combustion rate. The effects of turbulent mixing on the reaction rates needed to be considered to correctly simulate the combustion phasing. It was also found that the presence of residual radicals could enhance the mixture reactivity and hence shorten the ignition delay time.

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