Heavy Duty Truck Cooling System Design Using Co-Simulation 2001-01-1707
In order to meet the legislated emissions levels, future diesel engines will likely utilize cooled exhaust gas re-circulation (EGR) to reduce emissions. The addition of the EGR cooler to the conventional vehicle coolant system creates several challenges. Firstly, the engine cooling system flow and heat rejection requirements both increase as it is likely that some EGR will be required at the rated power condition. This adversely affects packaging and fuel economy. The system design is further complicated by the fact that the peak duty of the EGR cooler occurs at part load, low speed conditions, whereas the cooling system is traditionally designed to handle maximum heat duties at the rated power condition of the engine. To address the system design challenges, Ricardo have undertaken an analytical study to evaluate the performance of different cooling system strategies which incorporate EGR coolers. This was achieved by performing a co-simulation using commercially available 1-dimensional codes.