A Cooling System for the EAPU Shuttle Upgrade 2001-01-2152
The Shuttle orbiter currently uses hydrazine-powered APU’s for powering its hydraulic system pumps. To enhance vehicle safety and reliability, NASA is pursuing an APU upgrade where the hydrazine-powered turbine is replaced by an electric motor pump and battery power supply. This EAPU (Electric APU) upgrade presents several thermal control challenges, most notably the new requirement for moderate temperature control of high-power electronics at 132 °F (55.6 °C). This paper describes how the existing Water Spray Boiler (WSB), which currently cools the hydraulic fluid and APU lubrication oil, is being modified to provide EAPU thermal management.