Investigation of Extravehicular Activity Requirements and Techniques at an Arctic Mars Analog Field Science Base 2001-01-2199
Designing an EVA system for Mars’s exploration will require a thorough understanding of the mission. Data are available from NASA mission studies, preliminary EVA requirements document, and Apollo program experience. However, additional relevant field experience is required to complete the picture. NASA has addressed this through field tests using prototype EVA equipment and field science programs like the Haughton Mars Project on Devon Island. There, a group of scientists conducts scientific exploration in and around an impact crater in a polar desert similar to expected exploration sites on Mars. Hamilton Sundstrand Space Systems Intl. (HSSSI) EVA system engineers participated in the summer 2000 field research program to gain firsthand knowledge of field science activities. By using a Mars EVA system mockup, they were also able to conduct experiments on EVA system impacts on field science tasks. This field experience and some of its results are described in this paper.