CFD Simulation on the Airflow and CO
Transport in the U.S Lab: International Space Station Flight 5A Configuration
The U. S. Laboratory (USL) module was added to the International Space Station (ISS) in Flight 5A, which would boost the Environmental Control & Life Support System (ECLSS) functional capabilities of the ISS. In the USL cabin aisle way, the air circulation is provided by a Temperature & Humidity Control (THC) system. To provide adequate ventilation under various open/close combinations of the rack panels, it would be very challenging by conducting many tests prior to the launch of Flight 5A. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation technology is utilized to investigate the airflow in the U.S. Lab for various operating scenarios. A CFD model, which includes the supply diffusers, the return registers, the ventilation of the temporary crew quarter, the gap between the outer pressure shell and all the racks, is modeled. The ventilation performance for the cabin aisle way and air behind panels is addressed. The concern over the potential accumulation of CO2 in certain regions, where the airflow becomes stagnant, is also addressed by simulating the transient transport of CO2 in this study.