Standard Work – Lean Tools and Techniques 2001-01-2598
There are three key elements that must be in place before we can apply Standard Work. These elements are Takt Time, Standard Work Sequence, and Standard Work in Process. Once these elements are in place, the Kaizen cycle may be applied to your process.
Several forms are used to help us identify and understand our Kaizen opportunities. They are the Time Observation Sheet, Standard Work Sheet, Percent Load Chart, and Standard Work Combination Sheet. Proper utilization of these forms will show people and part flow, standard work in process, takt time, line balance, and equipment utilization. Reviewing these forms, clearly posted in the work areas, will help identify where to focus Kaizen activities and expected results.
Standard Work must be constantly monitored and revised as necessary to be a valuable tool, and it is vital to have the shop floor team members involved in the development of Standard Work from the beginning. There is a huge difference between the team members following standards that are “handed over”, and team members practicing the process they own.