This paper builds upon recent studies of alerting systems by discussing the relationship between system design and pilot training. Background is provided on alerting system design, pilot training, and studies examining their relationship. The paper then describes the difficulties and benefits of increased pilot training about alerting systems, with its implications for the roles given to alerting systems and pilot trust. Specific discussion is also provided on training pilots for improved acceptance of false alarms, on the conflicting messages often given to pilots about appropriate alerting system use, and procedures governing alerting system use. The paper concludes with discussion on the implications for alerting system design and pilot training.