Modeling the Exhaust System in Two-Stroke Small Engines 2001-01-3317
The purpose of this paper is to describe a methodology based on experimental and theoretical studies for the modeling of typical exhaust systems used in two-stroke small engines. The steady and dynamic behaviors of these systems have been measured in a flow test rig and in an impulse test rig, respectively. Information obtained from these experiments is used in two ways: to find a suitable geometric model to be used in a finite-difference scheme code, and to provide a mean pressure and a frequency domain reflecting boundary, in the frame of a hybrid method. A complete 50cc engine was modeled and comparisons between predicted and measured instantaneous pressure at the exhaust port show a fair agreement, the results of the hybrid approach being more accurate.