Browse Publications Technical Papers 2001-01-3555
2001-09-24

Analysis of Tumble and Swirl Motions in a Four-Valve SI Engine 2001-01-3555

Tumble and swirl motions in the cylinder of a four-valve SI engine with production type cylinder head were investigated using a cross-correlation digital Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). Tumble motion was measured on the vertical symmetric plane of the combustion chamber. Swirl motion was measured on a plane parallel to the piston crown with one of intake ports blocked. Large-scale flow behaviours and their cyclic variations were analysed from the measured two-dimensional velocity data. Results show that swirl motion is generated at the end of the intake stroke and persists to the end of the compression stroke. Tumble vortex is produced in the early stage of the compression stroke and distorted in the late stage of the stroke. The cyclic variation of swirl motion is noticeable. The cyclic variation in tumble dominated flow field is much greater. Distribution of two-dimensional fluctuation kinetic energy field for swirl motion gradually becomes homogeneous in the late stage of the compression process, while for tumble motion the distribution of velocity fluctuation field is inhomogeneous during the whole compression stroke.

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