Experiment and Numerical Simulation of Unsteady Temperature Fields in Automotive Catalytic Converters 2001-01-3563
This paper measured unsteady temperature fields of uncoated-monolith and catalytic monolith under real engine operating conditions using thermocouples. A multi-dimensional flow mathematical model of the turbulence, heat and mass transfer, and chemical reactions in monoliths was established using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code and numerically solved in the whole flow field of the catalytic converter. The purpose of this paper is to study unsteady warm-up characteristics of the monoliths and to investigate effects of inlet cone structure on temperature distribution of the catalytic converter. Experimental results show that the warm-up behaviors between uncoated-monolith and catalytic monolith are quite different. Simulation results indicate that the established model can qualitatively predict the warm-up characteristics. Increasing the inlet cone angle can improve the light-off characteristics of the catalysts due to high flow velocity and high temperature in the center of the monoliths.