NOx Storage and Reduction on Differentiated Chemistry Catalysts for Lean Gasoline Vehicles 2001-01-3665
NOx storage and reduction (NSR) catalysts are a widely investigated solution for lean gasoline applications. Open coating on metallic substrates gives a new opportunity to combine low and high temperature NSR catalysts into a converter by using differentiated chemistry on separate foils. A wide operation window for NOx conversion between 200-600°C was reached with alumina based NSR catalyst in appropriate conditions. Differentiation on separate foils can be made by NOx adsorption compounds, active metals (Pt, Rh), exhaust gas conditions or desulfation strategy. The desulfation, particularly from potassium-containing high temperature NSR catalysts, was decreased by 100°C by the addition of a small amount of TiO2. The combination of 3-way and NSR catalyst was designed by the size and lean-rich timings in laboratory and engine conditions. Low OSC PdRh (7:1) catalysts with higher loadings were used as 3-way catalysts.