Body part study from real life accidents for a new SID (side impact dummy) 2001-06-0022
The purpose of this paper is to review injuries found in
real-world lateral collisions and determine the mechanisms
responsible for certain kinds of biomechanical failure.
During the last years the distribution of deaths among the
different types of accidents has changed. Lateral collisions now
are the most frequent cause of fatal and other serious injuries.
Every third accident is an impact from the side, while every second
fatality is the result of a lateral accident. Just a few years ago
this value was no higher than 30%. This is probably the result of
increasing safety standards for frontal collisions (airbags,
seatbelt usage, structural improvements of cars, etc.). Although
the number of registered vehicles increased, the total amount of
fatalities decreased during the same period. Thus it is now
necessary to pay greater attention to the lateral accident
situation in order to improve road safety and decrease the number
of traffic injuries.
Several European organizations had decided to launch the project
SID2000, which was funded by the European Commission, with the
intention of gathering more knowledge on injuries occurring in
lateral accidents and the mechanisms that lead to such injuries.
This should enable the group to define the requirements for a new
side impact dummy (SID) to be designed. Within the same project the
existing TNO-EUROSID1 was enhanced by another group and the
experience gained has now enabled allowed to design a better
measuring device for side impacts. The data used for this
contribution came from sources from all over Europe and had to be
gathered in such a manner that as many accident parameters as
possible were taken into account.
Tjark Kreuzinger, Stephan Knack
Federal Highway Research Institute (BASt)
International Technical Conference on Enhanced Safety of Vehicles