IMPROVEMENTS TO PEDESTRIAN PROTECTION AS EXEMPLIFIED ON A STANDARD-SIZED CAR 2001-06-0143
Despite the steadily declining number of pedestrian fatalities and injuries in most European countries during the recent decades, pedestrian protection is still of great importance in the European Union as well as in Germany. This is because they still constitute a large proportion of road user casualties and are more likely to suffer serious and fatal injuries than most other road users. In 1999 only car occupants suffered more fatal injuries than pedestrians in Germany. In December 1998, EEVC WG 17 completed their review and updating of the EEVC WG10 pedestrian test procedure that made it possible to evaluate the protection afforded to pedestrians by the front of passenger cars in an accident. Within the scope of this procedure four different impactors are used representing those parts of the body, which are injured very often and/or very seriously in vehicle-pedestrian-collisions.
In a project executed by ika and BASt a small family car was tested according to the EEVC WG 17 test procedure. Afterwards modifications to the car were carried out in order to improve the pedestrian protection provided by the vehicle design. There were certain restrictions placed on the level of modifications undertaken, e.g. only minor modifications to vehicle styling and to the vehicle structures, which provide passenger protection. The redesigned vehicle was tested again using the WG17 test procedure. The test results of the modified vehicle were compared with those of the standard vehicle and evaluated. The results show that considered measures for pedestrian protection in many areas of the vehicle front structure and the use of innovative techniques can lead to a significant reduction of the loads of pedestrians at an acceptable expense.
Ingo Kalliske, Flavio Friesen
Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt), Germany, Institut für Kraftfahrwesen Aachen (ika), Germany
International Technical Conference on Enhanced Safety of Vehicles