INJURIES TO RESTRAINED OCCUPANTS IN FAR-SIDE CRASHES 2001-06-0149
Occupants exposed to far-side crashes are those seated on the side of the vehicle opposite the struck side. This study uses the NASS/CDS 1988–98 to determine distributions of serious injuries among restrained occupants exposed to far-side crashes and the sources of the injuries. Vehicle-to-vehicle crash tests were conducted to study dummy kinematics.
The NASS/CDS indicated that the head accounted for 45% of the MAIS 4+ injuries in far-side collisions and the chest/abdomen accounted for 39%. The opposite-side interior was the most frequent contact associated with driver AIS 3+ injuries (26.9%). The safety belt was second, accounting for 20.8%.
Vehicle-to-vehicle side impact tests with a 60 degree crash vector indicated that different safety belt designs resulted in different amounts of head excursion for the far side Hybrid III dummy. For all three point belt systems tested, the shoulder belt was ineffective in preventing large amounts of head excursion. Restraint was achieved by the lap belt loading the abdomen. A single retractor design with low friction sliding latch plate permitted the greatest head excursion in the far side crash tests. A dual retractor system with a fixed latch plate permitted the least.
Kennerly Digges, Dainius Dalmotas
The Automotive Safety Research Institute, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA, Transport Canada Ottawa, Canada
International Technical Conference on Enhanced Safety of Vehicles
Occupant and Vehicle Responses in Rollovers-PT-101, Seat Belts: The Development of An Essential Safety Feature-PT-92