Pediatric Facial Fractures: Implications for Regulation 2002-01-0025
On-site, in-depth investigations were conducted on 14 crashes involving 15 children who sustained facial fractures. Of the 23 facial fractures documented, the most frequent were the nose (n=8), orbit (n=6), zygoma/maxilla (n=6), and mandible (n=3). The most frequent contact point of those seated in the rear was the rear of the front seat; of those seated in the front, the instrument panel. 11/15 had sub-optimal torso restraint resulting from placing the shoulder belt behind their back or sitting in a position only equipped with a lap belt. The data suggest that these injuries resulted from high-energy impact with interior vehicle components. Revision to FMVSS 201 to account for vehicle interior structures typically contacted by child occupants and enhancement of pediatric dummies to measure facial impact forces should be considered.
Kristy B. Arbogast, Andrew E. Lincoln, Flaura K. Winston
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine