Development of Fuel-Cell Hybrid Vehicle 2002-01-0096
Toyota Motor Corporation developed the Fuel Cell Hybrid Vehicle (FCHV). The FCHV-4 is an evolution of the conventional fuel cell vehicle that has made immense improvements in efficiency. Both a fuel cell and a secondary battery are used as sources of energy for the hybrid system. By using these energy sources proportionally, the system can be kept at or near its optimum state.
The FCHV-4's system is designed to improve the efficiency and aims for high responsiveness when the vehicle is in a transitional state. In the same way as most electric vehicles, and as in the gasoline powered hybrid “Prius”, the energy the traction motor creates during breaking can be used to regenerate the secondary. The fuel cell and traction motor inverter are connected directly, with the secondary battery connected through the DC/DC converter to the fuel cell in parallel. The efficiency of the FCHV has the ability to be approximately 3 times greater than the conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) powered vehicle.