Numerical Analysis of Transient Defogging Pattern on an Automobile 2002-01-0223
CFD has been actively applied for developing automotive air conditioning system in recent years. In addition to automobile interior air conditioning, an automotive air conditioning system has the important function of providing a clear field of view by defogging (or defrosting) the windows. Although many CFD application methods have been reported for estimating windshield defogging pattern, few examples of simulation show accurate result of transient clearing pattern. To predict transient clearing pattern accurately, using a correct model of window glass fogging-clearing is important. As the result of our observation on fogged glass surfaces, fogging was found out to be an aggregation of water drops, so that new dropwise condensation-evaporation model was developed and applied. Transient defogging patterns were simulated with the CFD code including this model, and accuracy was verified on a simplified compartment model and actual automobiles.