Energy Efficient Automotive Air Conditioning System 2002-01-0229
The focus of the present paper is the energy efficient automotive air conditioning system, which ipso facto is also environmentally friendly from the standpoint of global warming impact. Two efficiency enhancement strategies are presented - one entailing the use of judicious amount of recirculated air and another relying on reduction in the amount of reheating of the chilled air employed in the conventional system. The first strategy, referred to as the air inlet mixture strategy, reduces the air conditioning load by mixing proper amount of recirculated air with the outside air. The second strategy, referred to as the series reheat reduction strategy, reduces reheating of chilled air under low to moderate load conditions. Analytical relations are presented for the determination of reduction in air conditioning load due to mixing of outside air with varying amounts of recirculated air as well as due to reduction in the series reheat. Finally, extensive analytical and test results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the two energy efficiency strategies.