Browse Publications Technical Papers 2002-01-0355
2002-03-04

A Computational and Experimental Analysis for Optimization of Cell Shape in High Performance Catalytic Converters 2002-01-0355

The effects of the internal geometry of catalytic converter channels on flow characteristics; exhaust backpressure and overall conversion efficiency have been investigated by means of both numerical simulations and experimental investigations.
The numerical work has been carried out by means of a micro scale numerical tool specifically tailored for flow characteristics within converter channels. The results are discussed with aid of flow distribution patterns within the single cell and backpressure figures along the catalyst channel.
The results of the numerical investigation provide information about the most efficient channel shapes. An experimental validation of the simulated results has been carried out with a production 3.6 liter, 6-cylinder engine on a dynamic test bench. Both modal and bag emission data have been measured during the FTP-Cycle. Moreover, the converters with different channel shapes have been compared in regard to the exhaust backpressure with the aid of a stationary flow bench.

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