Year-Long Evaluation of Trucks and Buses Equipped with Passive Diesel Particulate Filters 2002-01-0433
A program has been completed to evaluate ultra-low sulfur diesel fuels and passive diesel particulate filters (DPFs) in truck and bus fleets operating in southern California. The fuels, ECD and ECD-1, are produced by ARCO (a BP Company) and have less than 15 ppm sulfur content. Vehicles were retrofitted with two types of catalyzed DPFs, and operated on ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel for over one year.
Exhaust emissions, fuel economy and operating cost data were collected for the test vehicles, and compared with baseline control vehicles. Regulated emissions are presented from two rounds of tests. The first round emissions tests were conducted shortly after the vehicles were retrofitted with the DPFs. The second round emissions tests were conducted following approximately one year of operation. Several of the vehicles retrofitted with DPFs accumulated well over 100,000 miles of operation between test rounds.
The test vehicles included grocery trucks, tanker trucks, refuse haulers, school buses and transit buses. For all five of these fleets, the test vehicles retrofitted with the DPFs reduced particulate matter emissions by more than 90% when operated on ECD and ECD-1 fuels, compared to the control vehicles having factory mufflers and operated on a typical California diesel fuel. There was no significant deterioration in particulate matter emissions from the retrofitted vehicles after one year of operation.
Chuck LeTavec, Jim Uihlein, Keith Vertin, Sougato Chatterjee, Kevin Hallstrom, Scott Wayne, Nigel Clark, Mridul Gautam, Greg Thompson, Don Lyons, Kevin Chandler, Tim Coburn
ARCO, a BP Company, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Johnson Matthey Catalysts and Chemical Division, Engelhard Corporation, West Virginia University, Battelle Memorial Institute, Abilene Christian University
SAE 2002 World Congress & Exhibition
Diesel Exhaust Emission Control 2002: Particulate Filters-SP-1673, SAE 2002 Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants-V111-4