Browse Publications Technical Papers 2002-01-0479

A NOx Sensor for Feedback Control and Emissions Reduction 2002-01-0479

Current emission control systems utilize a catalytic converter employing a three-way catalyst (TWC), composed of a mixture of noble metals to minimize the three main pollutant classes of NOx, CO, and HC. The TWC is most efficient when the air-to-fuel ratio (A/F) is at stoichiometry (i.e. A/F ≈ 14.7). The stoichiometric set-point region is maintained by the use of oxygen sensors composed of the solid-electrolyte yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) in an electronic feedback loop. As combustion gets leaner a different exhaust sensor can be utilized to give a measure of the level of pollutants. A NOx sensor is an alternative for an oxygen sensor that can be used for feedback control of engine combustion or exhaust NOx traps. A solid electrolyte disk composed of YSZ having two Pt electrodes with one being covered by a microporous zeolite material was tested as a sensor for combustion produced gases such as NO and NO2 in the presence of O2. At 500°C it was found that the sensor responded to the NOx gases and was hardly affected by changing O2 levels in the range of 1-10%. A modified sensor design was used in a prototype assembly constructed to allow in-situ testing in an I-4 automobile engine when the engine cycle was perturbed. The sensor showed a response with changing gas concentrations and was correlated with an on-line FTIR gas analyzer. The sensor assembly design may show promise for catalytic converter monitoring or engine control diagnostics.


Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »


Members save up to 17% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: Download multiple Technical Papers each year? TechSelect is a cost-effective subscription option to select and download 12-100 full-text Technical Papers per year. Find more information here.
We also recommend:

Semiconductor Gas Sensors as Control Monitors for NOx Storage Catalytic Converters


View Details


Energy Conservation with Increased Compression Ratio and Electronic Knock Control


View Details


Transient A/F Estimation and Control Using a Neural Network


View Details