Fatigue Overload Response of Aluminum Spot Welds 2002-01-0576
The fatigue overload behavior of single overlap 5754 aluminum spot welds has been investigated. As a baseline, constant amplitude tension-tension tests with an R=0.1 (=Pmin/Pmax) were conducted. These tests were compared both with several different series of high but variable mean constant maximum load tests, and with periodic overload tests. The high mean load tests, tested with maximum loads of 3560N, 2670N, 1780N, and 1330N all showed a significant reduction in the fatigue limit which ranged from less than ½ to almost 1/3 of the baseline fatigue curve. Further, the fatigue limit reduction from the periodic overload tests was below 1/3 of the constant amplitude baseline tests. The results of these tests indicate that mean loads and variable amplitude loading can both have a significant deleterious impact on fatigue life.