Crashworthiness of Automotive Stamped Parts Using High Strength Steel Sheets 2002-01-0641
Forming and strain rate effects on crashworthiness of automotive body components were investigated in this study. Dynamic tensile tests were carried out to establish the stress-strain relationships at elevated strain rates. Dynamic tests of bending and axial crashing at various speeds were conducted using a stamped hat square column. The experimental results indicate that the absorbed energy of the hat square column decreased with the increase of material thinning in case of high strength steels. FEM analyses using material models with both strain rate sensitivity and forming effects were carried out to evaluate the computer prediction accuracy of crashworthiness.